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Title: The Creation of Life - A Cybernetic Approach to Evolution
Author: Arthur Ernest Wilder-SmithClick here to get further informations
Language: english
Category: Book
Keywords: Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
Foreword
Introduction
Part I
1. Missing Factors in Neo-Darwinian Thought
MISSING FACTORS
NATURAL SELECTION INADEQUATE
THE SITUATION IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS
RANDOMNESS INADEQUATE
SIGNIFICANCE OF VAST TIME SPANS
NECESSITY OF ENERGY SOURCES
NATURAL SELECTION
2. Abiogenesis: Its Postulated Mechanisms
RANDOM SYSTEMS POSTULATED AS LEADING TO ABIOGENESIS-THE ORIGIN OF BIOMONOMERS
SPONTANEOUS SYNTHESIS OF BIOMONOMERS
SPONTANEOUS SYNTHESIS OF BIOMONOMERS-AMINO ACIDS
SPONTANEOUS SYNTHESIS OF BUILDING BLOCKS-SUGARS
SPONTANEOUS SYNTHESIS OF BUILDING BLOCKSHETEROCYCLIC BASES
SPONTANEOUS SYNTHESIS OF BIOMONOMERS-PORPHYRINS
THE SYNTHESIS OF LIFE FROM ITS BUILDING BLOCKS
SPONTANEOUS BIOMONOMERS BUT NO SPONTANEOUS SEQUENCED PROTEINS
ENTROPY "HOLES" AND ENTROPY "MOUNTAINS"
3. Mechanisms for Macromolecular Synthesis
DEHYDRATION, CONDENSATION AND POLYMERIZATION OF BUILDING BLOCKS
MECHANISMS FOR OBTAINING DIRECTION IN SYNTHESIS
VARIOUS VIEWS ON THE ORIGIN OF DIRECTION AND SPECIFICITY IN SYNTHESIS
MECHANISMS BY WHICH DIRECTION, SPECIFICITY AND CODING MAY BE INTRODUCED
INHERENT MECHANISMS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CODING SEQUENCES
AN ILLUSTRATION FROM SPITZBERGEN
THE MAGNITUDE OF NATURAL SPECIFICITY
AUTOCATALYTIC AUTODIRECTIVE FEEDBACK
A FURTHER ILLUSTRATION
COMPLEXITY AND SPECIFICITY
4. Prebiological Systems
THE IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING ORIGINS
COACERVATES
MICROSPHERES
COACERVATES, MICROSPHERES AND MORPHOGENICITY
CRITERIA OF "BEING ALIVE"
FURTHER EVIDENCE CITED BY KENYON AND STEINMAN
REDUCTIO AD ABSURDUM
AN ILLUSTRATION FROM TURKEY
5. The Genetic Code and its Meaning
RANDOM PROCESSES IN ARCHEBIOPOESIS
SEA WAVES AND COLUMNS OF WATER: AN ILLUSTRATION
ARCHEBIOPOESIS AND DNA
THE GENETIC CODE
THE NATURE OF CONSTRAINTS IN MACROMOLECULAR SYNTHESIS
CONSTRAINT AND PROBABILITY
THE NATURE OF SPECIFICITY AND BIOLOGICAL CODING
6. Biochemical Predestination: Further Implications
RECENT TRENDS IN ABIOGENETIC THEORY
SOME CONSEQUENCES OF BIOCHEMICAL PREDESTINATION
MAZE-RUNNING AND MICE
INHERENT PROPERTIES MANDATORY
BOWING TO THE EVIDENCE
THE ORIGIN OF CONSTRAINT
ANOTHER LOOK AT KENYON'S BIOMONOMER CONSTRAINT
A SUGGESTED SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM OF CONSTRAINT AND DIRECTION IN SYNTHESIS
"CANNED" INFORMATION
AN ILLUSTRATION FROM THE NEAR EAST
FACING UP TO THE REAL PROBLEM
Part
7. Relationships between Speciation and Metabolic Energy
PROGRAMMING THE CELL: ENERGY CONSIDERATIONS
METABOLIC ENERGY, PROGRAMMING AND INTELLIGENCE
THE BRAIN AS A CONVERTER OF CALORIES INTO CODES
A NEW AND HITHERTO UNPRECEDENTED STEP
EXPERIMENTS IN THE UPWARD EVOLUTION OF
SUGAR BEET
THE UNIQUENESS OF THE BRAIN AS A CODING ORGAN
THOUGHT EXOGENOUS TO BIOLOGY-SOME INTELLECTUAL DIFFICULTIES
8. Artificial Consciousness
CULBERTSON'S WORK
THE NERVE NET THEORY OF SENSE DATA AND CONSCIOUSNESS
C. D. BROAD'S WORK ON BRAIN FUNCTION AND CONSCIOUSNESS
INHERENT PROGRAMMING: THE BRAIN VS. THE TELEVISION SET
FURTHER ASPECTS OF CULBERTSON'S VIEWS ON CONSCIOUSNESS
THE INADEQUACY OF PURELY MECHANICAL CONCEPTS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
SIR JAMES JEANS AND THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS
THE UNIVERSE-A THOUGHT IN CONSCIOUSNESS
DESIGN-THE EVIDENCE FOR MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS
9. Consciousness and the Space/Time Continuum
DEFINITION AND EXAMPLE OF A WORLD-LINE
WORLD-LINES AND CONSCIOUSNESS
FURTHER WORK ON THE NATURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
BOHR'S VIEWS ON CONSCIOUSNESS
TRANSFINITE CONSCIOUSNESS AND INDETERMINACY
THE TWO-DIMENSIONAL WORMS AND INDETERMINACY
SUMMARY
10. Intelligence: Artificial and Biological
DEFINITION OF INTELLIGENCE
IMPORTANT PHENOMENA ASSOCIATED WITH BIOLOGICAL AND MECHANICAL INTELLIGENCE
BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BROAD-SPECTRUM ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
THE BRAIN AND THE COMPUTER COMPARED
UNSOLVED PROBLEMS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
MACHINE TRANSLATION OF LANGUAGE
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND PATTERN RECOGNITION: ANDROIDS AND PARTIAL ROBOTS
A REVIEW OF SIGNIFICANT FACTORS IN HUMAN AND ARTIFICIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND INTELLIGENCE
MEASUREMENT OF MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS
SUMMARY
11. Toward a Synthesis in the Problem of Origins
CYBERNETICS AND THE PROBLEM OF ORIGINS
THE SOURCE OF CODING INFORMATION
REVIEW OF THE THREE ACCOUNTS OF INTELLIGENCE BEHIND UNIVERSAL ORDER
WILLIAM PALEY AND THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN
THE "SUPER-COMPUTERS"
PALEY AGAIN-SOME CONSEQUENCES
JAMMING THE "THOUGHT-MILL"
CONCLUSION-SAMSON
12. Quantitative Considerations and Prospects
SUMMARIZING THE PROBLEM MATHEMATICALLY
COMMUNICATION THEORY
UPHEAVAL OVERDUE IN THEORY OF ORIGINS
INTELLIGENCE AND THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN
THE COMMUNICATION GAP
THE DESIGNER AND THE DESIGNED
NATURAL SELECTION AND LARGE TIME SPANS AS MECHANISMS FOR REDUCED ENTROPY STATUS...
Date/Time: 1970
Pages: 276
ID: 34550
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